When the transfer of the Bishopric seat for Guarda in 1203, influenced by Sancho I, there is a need to build a Cathedral. This stands a primitive built in 1390, which due to its magnitude and scale, was only completed in manufactory context, in the sixteenth century. Inside is a Gothic design, emphasizing the altarpiece of the head altar, which was carved in stone ançã, representing episodes of the life of Christ, attributed to the school of Jean de Rouen. Overall, its constructive and aesthetic features make this monument is one of the largest level of Portuguese architecture.
Dating back to the thirteenth century, as part of a military and residential structure dubbed the Alcazaba, a fortified palace in which resided the Captain-General and his family, now only remains this tower with more than a thousand meters of altitude.
Dating back to the eighteenth century and came from the village of Vela, and was transported to the city of Guarda. This monument of Baroque presents several escultórios elements that stand out the marine motifs with dolphins or their spouts in the form of monsters.
In a prime location on Guarda, which gave him a climatic superiority, its origins comes from the late nineteenth century, a period that began the fight against tuberculosis. In 1907, Queen Amelia and King Carlos I inaugurated the Pavilions of the Sanitarium, which were classified as public interest buildings. These are accompanied by a set of old trees, highlighting the giant sequoias, Sequoiadendron giganteum, this forest set was also classified as a Public Interest.
This convent was founded in the thirteenth century by Franciscan friars, having been built in a place away from city walls. Currently, this building serves as District Archive of the Guarda, which required reconstruction of the original buildings on the sixteenth and seventeenth century. Inside is the church, the enclosed courtyard and the convent cloister, a circular tank supply, with column topped by armillary sphere.
This group began to be built in the seventeenth century, under the direction of Bishop Guarda Nuno de Noronha, being inserted in the floor style, displaying Fachas austere, with no decorative elements, being only the cornice presents the cannon gargoyles. This set is presented in U, being in the center the Chapel of the Bishop’s Palace, surrounded by the body of the former seminary, where the Museum of the Guarda, and the former Bishop’s Palace, which today is the Palace of Culture.
Near the door of the Blacksmiths, this church of the Baroque era is one of the most important buildings of the city, since the eighteenth century, despite having a primitive structure. A longitudinal plant, this presents a ship only with a bow full of baroque ornaments and presents the royal arms of King João V, since the type of facade is a niche which houses the image of Our Lady of Mercy.
With the creation of the city to grant the charter by King Sancho I, there is a need to build a defensive system that would include the fortress and a walled mesh, which would house the houses, palaces and churches. In this sense, the walls were erected torn by monumental gates, as the door of the Blacksmiths, which was protected by its high tower.
Former Old Square, which provided much more than a public space, it houses the Cathedral, City Hall, 1570, so this is surrounded by religious, civil, administrative, political and judicial power, which also get caught by noble houses, such as the Solar dos Póvoas, which currently houses the Welcome Center of the Guarda, and also the seventeenth century architectural complex, Balcões building.
Eighteenth century, this is the square of the walled interior, standing in front of the old house of the camera. Of note is the façade which features a veranda gallery, offering them the distinction of one of the most beautiful solar Guarda.
In the walled mesh, which is torn by monumental gates and is strategically located in direct contact points with the outside including Covilha and Castile, via Almeida and Celorico, from here with the legendary Estrada da Beira, one of the great notoriety oping Portugal in the Middle Ages and the Modern Age, which interlocked Celorico Coimbra and Lisbon.
The Jewish presence is documented since the thirteenth century, one of the most important communities of Beira Interior. This district was located in the parish of St Vincent, between the street of Saint Vincent and the Largo de São Vicente, close to the main roads and can find in the central movement of the city, increasing the development of economic activities. Between traditions and activities, the Synagogue is in a housing aforada the monarch, a point of religious, educational and judicial practices.
Inside the medieval walls, this church is described in the sources of the thirteenth century. A monument of the Baroque style, strongly promoted by Bishop Jerome Rogado Carvalhal and Silva. Its main facade is accompanied by two bell towers, being torn to the center by a portal in segmental arch and is overlapped by the big window of the high choir and the weapons of stone of the bishop. Already, inside it is a working tiled in blue and white tones, surrounded by polychrome frames, representing scenes of the Madonna and Christ’s life.
After built the city and received its charter of D. Sancho I, it was built a romantic castle that just left its tower, called the Old Tower, part of a military complex that was composed of a tower in the center of a pathic involved by a wall line.
Also known as Star Gate, this is part of the defensive system of the city of Guarda, and a construction of the thirteenth century.
Also known as Direita street, an artery that is composed of a main axis of the medieval town, very sought after by merchants and traders over the years. For this will be found sixteenth-century facade of houses, where some are ornamented by Manueline window, among others, are filipa architecture of buildings that are embellished with corner windows and cannon gargoyles.
At present the current Luís de Camões Square, this former home of the Guardian camera is facing the Cathedral, in the walled line. Its built dates back to 1570, monument declared by early Renaissance architecture. Its façade surmounted pro a cornice with cannon gargoyles, is dominated pro a monumental portico, sat on monumental pillars, on the second floor there are three bay windows to involve two coats, the city and the kingdom.